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EMES Fall Seminar: Arianna Soldati

September 23 @ 2:30 pm - 3:30 pm

Rheological time series: A New Approach to Eruption Monitoring and Dynamics Interpretation

North Carolina State University
Marine, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences

As magma temperature and composition drift and change throughout an eruption, so does its rheology. These changes may span orders of magnitude in magma viscosity and result in orders of magnitude flow velocity changes, as well as transitions in eruptive style. In this talk, I will explore how detailed rheological time series may help us better understand and interpret eruption dynamics.
The key case study presented is the systematic quantification of the rheological variations that occurred during the 2021 Fagradalsfjall eruption. For that eruption, we measured the viscosity of a suite of 20+ representative samples collected between day 2 and 183 of the eruption in a concentric cylinder rheometer. Temperatures were initially raised to superliquidus conditions, and then lowered to magmatic temperatures as determined through geothermometry. We analyzed our dataset as a time series. An overall viscosity decrease trend emerged. As the eruption progressed, melt viscosity decreased by 25%, from 40 Pa s to 30 Pa s at a constant temperature of 1200 °C. However, this trend was not monotonous. At least 3 positive spikes in viscosity can be identified, at day 80, 120, and 138 of the eruption. Finally, we contextualized the viscosity values and trends measured in the laboratory by correlating them with field observations.


September 23
2:30 pm - 3:30 pm
Event Category:


Mitchell 005
Mitchell Hall
Chapel Hill, 27599 United States
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