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Joseph G. Carter

Joseph G. Carter

Professor Emeritus
108A Mitchell Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3300


Ph.D., Yale University, 1976

Research Interests

Invertebrate paleontology; Ecology, evolution and taxonomy of the Mollusca; Biocalcification; Endolithic communities; biostratigraphy

Research and Activities

  • Evolutionary studies of molluscan shell microstructureand marine ecology and paleoecology
  • Mineralogical evolution of the Bivalvia
  • Modern and fossil endolithic communities
  • Coastal Plain biostratigraphy.
  • Triassic vertebrate paleontology
    • An article on this aspect of Dr. Carter’s research appears in the latest issue of Endeavors magazine

I am currently working on a monographic revision of the class Bivalvia using new data of shell and ligament microstructure for well- preserved Devonian-Recent taxa. With an adjunct appointment to Biology and Marine Sciences, my students come from all three departments.

Selected Publications

Peyer, K., J. G. Carter, H.-D. Sues, S. E. Novak, and P. Olsen. 2008. A new suchian archosaur from the Upper Triassic of North Carolina. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 28(2):363-381.

Carter, J. G., T. McDowell, and N. Namboodiri. 2008. The identity of /Gastrochaena/ /cuneiformis/ Spengler, 1783, and the evolution of /Gastrochaena/, /Rocellaria/ and /Lamychaena/ (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Gastrochaenoidea). Journal of Paleontology, 82(1):102-117.

Carter, J. G., D. C. Campbell, and M. R. Campbell 2006. Morphological Phylogenetics of the early Bivalvia. Organisms, Diversity and Evolution, vol. 6, no. 4, Electronic Supplement 16, 2 p. + 4 phylogenetic diagrams.

Carter, J. G. 2004. Evolutionary implications of a duplivincular ligament in the Carboniferous pinnid /Pteronites/ (Mollusca, Pteriomorphia, Pterioida). Journal of Paleontology, 78(1):235-240.

Carter, J. G., and G. Stanley 2004. Late Triassic gastrochaenid and lithophaginid borings (Mollusca: Bivalvia) from Nevada (USA) and Austria. Journal of Paleontology, 78(1):230-234.

Rogalla, N. S., J. G. Carter, and J. Pojeta, Jr. 2003. Shell microstructure of the Late Carboniferous rostroconch mollusc /Apotocardium lanterna/ (Branson, 1965). Journal of Paleontology, 77(4): 655-673.

Hailemichael, M., J. L. Aronson, S. Savin, M. J. S. Tevesz, and J. G. Carter, 2003, δ^18 O in mollusk shells from Pliocene Lake Hadar and modern Ethiopian lakes: Implications for history of the Ethiopian monsoon. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 186:81-99.

Sues, Hans-Dieter, Olsen, P.E., Carter, J.G., and Scott, D.M. 2003. A new crocodylomorph archosaur from the Upper Triassic of North Carolina. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 23(2):329-343.

Carter, J.G., Barrera, E., and Tevesz, M.J.S., 1998, Thermal potentiation and mineralogical evolution in the Bivalvia (Mollusa): Journal of Paleontology, Nov., 1998.

Campbell, D.C., Hoekstra, K.J., and Carter, J.G., in press, 18s ribosomal DNA and bivalve evolution. First International Symposium on Bivalve Evolution, Calgary, Canada, 14 ms pages.

Carter, J.G., Barrera, E., and Tevesz, M.J.S., 1997, Thermal potentiation and mineralogical evolution in the Bivalvia (Mollusca): Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Salt Lake City, UT, v. 29, n. 6, p. 101.

Rossbach, T.J., and Carter, J.G., 1991, Molluscan biostratigraphy of the Lower River Bend formation at the Martin Marietta Quarry, New Bern, North Carolina. Journal of Paleontology, 65: 80-118.

Barrera, Enriquetta, Tevesz, M.J.S., and Carter, J.G., 1990, Variations in oxygen and carbon isotopic compositions and microstructure of the shell of Adamussium Colbecki (Bivalvia). Palaios, 5: 149-159.

Carter, J.G., 1990, Evolutionary significance of shell microstructure in the Palaeotaxodonta, Pteriomorphia and Isofilibranchia, in Carter, J. G., ed., Skeletal Biomineraliztion, Patterns, Processes and Evolutionary Trends: Van Nostrand Reinhold and Co., New York, p. 135-412.

Carter, J.G., 1980, Environmental and biological controls of bivalve shell mineralogy and microstructure, Chapter 2, in Rhoads, D.C., and Lutz, R.A., eds., Skeletal Growth of Aquatic Organisms: Plenum Press.

Carter, J.G., 1978, Ecology and evolution of the Gastrochaenacea (Mollusca, Bivalvia), with notes on the evolution of the endolithic habitat: Yale University Peabody Museum Bulletin 41, 92 p.